Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 4, Number 40
October 3, 2005

Physical sciences and technology

Brain-computer interface
Massive, very early galaxy
Laser accelerator
High-resolution streaming video
Molecular computing
Nanoscale optical circuit elements
Melting of arctic ice
Dark matter and elliptical galaxies
Metallic superfluid
Snowball Earth theory
Transistor laser
Molecular electronics
Optical data storage in proteins
Instruments for extrasolar planet investigation
Ocean acidification
Cosmic expansion at short distances
Solar output and global warming
Climate modeling

Life sciences

Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
Evidence for evolution
Stem cells
Cell migration and signaling
Methicillin-resistant Staphyllococcus aureus
Gene therapy
Avian flu
Statin drugs and heart disease
Control of body size
Diabetes
Evolution of visual organs
Central nervous system origins
Influenza
Amplifying immune response
C-reactive protein and atherosclerosis
E. coli defense mechanism
AIDS
Bacterial communication
Myelination and brain plasticity
New mechanism for DNA replication
Lifespan extension genes
Brain-imaging studies
Fading of consciousness during sleep
Interferon
Protein evolution


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Computer users move themselves with the mind
Background


Massive, very early galaxy

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Massive Distant Galaxy Calls Theory into Question
  2. September 27, 2005 - Spitzer and Hubble Team Up to Find "Big Baby" Galaxies in the Newborn Universe
  3. September 28, 2005 - Massive young galaxy surprises astronomers
  4. September 28, 2005 - Young Universe Home to 'Big Baby' Galaxy, Astronomers Report
  5. September 28, 2005 - 'Big baby' galaxy found in early universe
  6. October 4, 2005 - NASA Finds 'Big Baby' Galaxies In Newborn Universe
  7. October 8, 2005 - Crisis in the cosmos?
  8. October 10, 2005 - Galaxy like a 3-year-old with bodybuilder physique
Background


Laser accelerator

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - New look for laser accelerators
Background


High-resolution streaming video

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Worlds First International Real-time Streaming of 4K Digital Cinema over Gigabit IP Optical Fiber Networks
Background


Molecular computing

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Molecule Walks Like A Human -- Potential Applications In Molecular Computing
  2. September 27, 2005 - Molecule Walks Like a Human
Background


Nanoscale optical circuit elements

References:
  1. September 28, 2005 - Theorists To Create Optical Circuit Elements
Background


Melting of arctic ice

References:
  1. September 28, 2005 - Satellites See a Double-Texas Sized Loss In Arctic Sea Ice
  2. September 28, 2005 - Arctic ice 'disappearing quickly'
  3. September 28, 2005 - Arctic Ice Cap Shrank Sharply This Summer, Experts Say
  4. September 29, 2005 - In a Melting Trend, Less Arctic Ice to Go Around
  5. September 29, 2005 - Melting of sea ice speeds up in Arctic
  6. September 29, 2005 - Arctic sea ice continues decline as temperatures rise
  7. September 29, 2005 - Arctic Sea Ice Continues Decline As Temperatures Rise
  8. September 30, 2005 - Satellites Continue To See Decline In Arctic Sea Ice In 2005
Background


Dark matter and elliptical galaxies

References:
  1. September 28, 2005 - 'Missing' Dark Matter Is Really There, Says Cosmologist
  2. September 29, 2005 - New analysis puts dark matter back into elliptical galaxies
  3. October 6, 2005 - Dark Matter - One Mystery Solved
  4. October 7, 2005 - Dark Matter One Mystery Solved
  5. October 16, 2005 - 'Missing' Dark Matter Is Really There, Says Cosmologist
Background


Metallic superfluid

References:
  1. September 29, 2005 - Metallic superfluid seen in computer
Background


Snowball Earth theory

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Snowball Earth Theory Comes Under Fire
  2. September 30, 2005 - Study casts doubt on 'Snowball Earth' theory
  3. October 3, 2005 - Study Casts Doubt On 'Snowball Earth' Theory
Background


Transistor laser

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Room-temperature Transistor Laser Is Step Closer To Commercialization
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Nanoscientists Describe Electron Movement Through Molecules
  2. September 30, 2005 - Nanoscientists Describe Electron Movement through Molecules
Background


Optical data storage in proteins

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - A Biomolecule As A Light Switch
Background


Instruments for extrasolar planet investigation

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - NASA Takes Giant Step Toward Finding Earth-Like Planets
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Ancient oceans were acidic too
Background


Cosmic expansion at short distances

References:
  1. October 1, 2005 - Cosmic expansion is not to blame for expanding waistlines
Background


Solar output and global warming

References:
  1. October 2, 2005 - Sun's Direct Role In Global Warming May Be Underestimated, Physicists Report
  2. October 3, 2005 - Suns direct role in global warming may be underestimated, physicists report
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. October 2, 2005 - Climate Change More Rapid Than Ever
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Psychologists Find More Sensitive Tests For Predicting Alzheimer's As Well As Changes In Cognition
  2. September 26, 2005 - Psychologists find more sensitive tests for predicting Alzheimers as well as changes in cognition
  3. September 26, 2005 - Being the boss may ward off dementia
  4. September 27, 2005 - Loss Of Body Mass Linked To Development Of Alzheimer's Disease
  5. September 27, 2005 - Loss of body mass linked to development of Alzheimer's disease
  6. September 29, 2005 - Green Tea Ingredient Prevents Alzheimer's-like Brain Damage In Mice
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - 'Breast risk' for the left-handed
  2. September 26, 2005 - Left Handedness May Be Linked To Increased Risk Of Breast Cancer
  3. September 26, 2005 - Nanowires can detect molecular signs of cancer, scientists find
  4. September 27, 2005 - Kidney Transplant Patients Face Higher Cancer Risk
  5. September 27, 2005 - Family History Alone Can Imply Cancer Mutation Risk
  6. September 27, 2005 - Structures of marine toxins provide insight into their effectiveness as cancer drugs
  7. September 27, 2005 - Geneticist discovers mutations in cancer cells that suggest new forms of treatment
  8. September 27, 2005 - Can pomegranates prevent prostate cancer? A new study offers promise
  9. September 28, 2005 - Eating Foods With 'Weak Estrogens' May Help Reduce Lung Cancer Risk
  10. September 28, 2005 - Eating foods with weak estrogens may help reduce lung cancer risk
  11. September 29, 2005 - Higher consumption of some soy products, grains and vegetables linked to reduced risk of lung cancer
  12. September 29, 2005 - Geneticist Discovers Mutations In Cancer Cells That Suggest New Forms Of Treatment
  13. September 29, 2005 - Kidney Transplant Patients Face Higher Skin Cancer Risk
  14. September 29, 2005 - Kidney transplant patients face higher skin cancer risk
  15. September 29, 2005 - Structures Of Marine Toxins Provide Insight Into Their Effectiveness As Cancer Drugs
  16. September 30, 2005 - Newly Discovered Gene May Predict Aggressive Ovarian Cancer
  17. September 30, 2005 - Newly discovered gene may predict aggressive ovarian cancer
  18. October 1, 2005 - Single gene 'skin cancer cause'
  19. October 1, 2005 - Obesity, History Of Weight Gain Could Help Predict Prostate Cancer Progression
  20. October 1, 2005 - Speed Of PSA Rise Helps Predict Survival For Prostate Cancer Patients
  21. October 1, 2005 - Silenced gene may foretell colon cancer
  22. October 2, 2005 - Can Pomegranates Prevent Prostate Cancer? A New Study Offers Promise
  23. October 3, 2005 - Obesity, history of weight gain could help predict prostate cancer progression
  24. October 3, 2005 - Speed of PSA rise helps predict survival for prostate cancer patients
Background


Evidence for evolution

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - New Analyses Bolster Central Tenets of Evolution Theory
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - For stem cell experts, hopes are longterm; human trials still years away in effort to cure paralysis
Background


Cell migration and signaling

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Compound Reveals New Link Between Signaling Protein And Cell Migration
  2. September 26, 2005 - Compound reveals new link between signaling protein and cell migration
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphyllococcus aureus

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Troubling Trends Converge: Drug-resistant Bacteria Gaining Genes For Virulence
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Neurologix announces positive results of gene therapy clinical trial in Parkinson's disease
  2. September 28, 2005 - Gene Therapy To Lower Blood Pressure Just Enough
  3. September 28, 2005 - Gene therapy to lower blood pressure just enough
  4. September 29, 2005 - New research could help us deliver genes for new bone formation
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Indonesia bird flu toll increases
  2. September 30, 2005 - WHO: Impossible to Predict Bird Flu Deaths
Background


Statin drugs and heart disease

References:
  1. September 26, 2005 - Statins 'could benefit many more'
Background


Control of body size

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Hormones And Growth: The Control Of Body Size And Developmental Growth Rate In Fruit Flies
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Human beta-cell line offers hope for type 1 diabetes breakthrough
  2. September 28, 2005 - Potential New Treatment For Insulin-dependent Diabetes
  3. September 30, 2005 - Nerve Changes From Diabetes Begin Earlier Than Previously Known
  4. September 30, 2005 - Nerve changes from diabetes begin earlier than previously known
Background


Evolution of visual organs

References:
  1. September 27, 2005 - Insight Into Our Sight: A New View On The Evolution Of The Eye Lens
Background


Central nervous system origins

References:
  1. September 28, 2005 - Probed! Mother of all brains
Background


Influenza

References:
  1. September 28, 2005 - Influenza fighters have limited effects
Background


Amplifying immune response

References:
  1. September 29, 2005 - Engineered Molecule Amplifies Body's Immune Response
  2. September 29, 2005 - Engineered molecule amplifies bodys immune response
Background


C-reactive protein and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. September 29, 2005 - Liver CRP production linked to atherosclerosis
  2. October 3, 2005 - Liver CRP Production Linked To Atherosclerosis
Background


E. coli defense mechanism

References:
  1. September 29, 2005 - Researchers uncover E. colis defense mechanism
  2. October 5, 2005 - Researchers Uncover E. Coli's Defense Mechanism
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 29, 2005 - Aids virus 'could be weakening'
  2. September 29, 2005 - AIDS virus said to be weakening
  3. September 30, 2005 - Frog Peptides Block HIV In Lab Study
Background


Bacterial communication

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Say What? Bacterial Conversation Stoppers
Background


Myelination and brain plasticity

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Myelin Suppresses Plasticity In The Mature Brain
  2. September 30, 2005 - Myelin suppresses plasticity in the mature brain
Background


New mechanism for DNA replication

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - Novel Mechanism For DNA Replication Discovered
  2. September 30, 2005 - Novel mechanism for DNA replication discovered
Background


Lifespan extension genes

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - New Lifespan Extension Genes Found
  2. October 3, 2005 - New Lifespan Extension Genes Found
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. September 30, 2005 - First evidence of brain abnormalities found in pathological liars
  2. October 2, 2005 - First Evidence Of Brain Abnormalities Found In Pathological Liars
Background


Fading of consciousness during sleep

References:
  1. October 1, 2005 - Deep Sleep Short-circuits Brain's Grid Of Connectivity - also here
  2. October 8, 2005 - Brains disconnect as people sleep
Background


Interferon

References:
  1. October 2, 2005 - Greasing Interferon's Gears May Pave Way To Greater Therapeutic Benefits, Fewer Side Effects
  2. October 3, 2005 - Greasing interferons gears may pave way to greater therapeutic benefits, fewer side effects
Background


Protein evolution

References:
  1. October 2, 2005 - Scientists Uncover Rules That Govern The Rate Of Protein Evolution
Background


Copyright © 2005 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved