Open Questions: Learning and Memory
- Categorized site directory. Entries usually include
Sites with general resources
University of Michigan Cognition and Aging Laboratory
- A research facility directed by Denise Park, dealing with
basic behavioral cognitive processes, cognitive neuroscience,
culture and cognition, cognitive aging and medicine, and social
Surveys, overviews, tutorials
- Detailed encyclopedia article on memory from the
philosophical point of view, with many bibliographic
citations and a few external links.
Glutamate Receptors - Structures and Functions
- Somewhat technical overview of receptors for L-glutamate,
the major excitatory neurotransmitter in central nervous system.
Neural Basis of Spatial Memory
- Good semi-technical overview.
Researchers unravel brain's wiring to understand memory
- September 2009 article about new techniques neuroscientists
are using to study memory.
- June 2006 collection of articles at the
ABC Science site.
News and tutorial articles are included.
Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
- A ScienceWeek
"symposium" consisting of excerpts and summaries of
articles from various sources.
Human Memory: What It Is and How to Improve It
- Overviews and external links provided by
Silvia Helena Cardoso.
In Search of Memory
- Based on a 1999 documentary broadcast by Canada's CBC.
TV-level presentation of information on memory, with some
Brain Plasticity: What Is It?
- A page from the site called
Neuroscience for Kids. Discusses relation of brain plasticity
to learning and memory and provides useful references and
- Very brief overview by Harish Kotbagi.
Sleepers yeld memorable brain images
- July 2000 news article from
Science News, about
memory consolidation during sleep.
While You Were Sleeping
- April 2001
news article about a demonstration that brain circuitry is
modified during sleep.
To Sleep, Perchance to Remember
- July 2000
news article about a study that suggests people replay the day's
events and solidify memories while sleeping.
Cabbies' Brains Shaped by Driving
- March 2000
news article about the unusual development of the hippocampus of
London cab drivers.
The Aging Mind
- An article by Denise Park on changes that occur
in aging with respect to memory and other cognitive functions.
Does Eating Fewer Calories Improve the Brain?
- March 2009 Scientific American article, subtitled
"A new study reports that reducing calories may improve memory
in older adults."
- November 2005 Scientific American sidebar, subtitled
"Long-term memories, particularly bad ones, could be dissolved
if certain drugs are administered at just the right moment
- March 2005 Scientific American sidebar, subtitled
"Researchers are starting to pin down what déjà
vu is and why it arises. But have you read this already?
Maybe you just can't remember."
- November 2004 Scientific American sidebar
by Robert M. Sapolsky, subtitled
"A little stress sharpens memory. But after prolonged stress, the
mental picture isn't pretty."
Unmaking Memories: Interview with James McGaugh
- December 2003 Scientific American In Focus article,
subtitled "In the sci-fi thriller Paycheck, an engineer has
his memory erased after completing a sensitive job.
Scientific American.com spoke with a leading neurobiologist to
find out just how close scientists are to controlling recall."
Glia Cells Help Neurons Build Synapses
- January 2001 Scientific American news article about how
astrocytes control the number of synapses neurons can form
with each other.
- October 2000 Scientific American In Focus article,
subtitled "How and when people see pieces from the computer game
in their sleep tells of the role dreaming plays in learning."
Where Memories Are Made
- September 26, 2000 news article from Scientific American,
on research that studied brain activation during recall.
Down Memory Limbo
- August 2000 Scientific American In Focus article, subtitled
"New research shows that between fear and recall lies a
no-man's-land where long-term memories can vanish."
Making Smart Mice
- September 1999 article from Scientific American
Explorations on work of Joe Tsien to improve memory in mice by
Sleepers yield memorable brain images
- July 2000 article in Science News, about evidence from
PET scans that memory traces of
recently learned visual and spatial skills are fortified during
Certain memories may rest on a good sleep
- December 2000 news article in Science News, about how sleep
facilitates learning activities that depend on automatic
Sleep is vital to effective learning
- November 2000 news article in The Scientist.
"A recent study suggests that a good night's sleep within
30 hours of trying to remember a new task is directly
linked to effective long-term recall."
Making Nuanced Memories
Science News, January 29, 2011
- New nerve cells help the brain tell similar experiences apart.
The Scientist, March 2009
Thanks for the future memories
Science News, June 21, 2008
- To the brain, remembering the past and visualizing the
future look surprisingly similar.
- The Memory Code
Joe Z. Tsien
Scientific American, July 2007
- Researchers are closing in on the rules that the brain uses
to lay down memories. Discovery of this memory code could lead
to the design of smarter computers and robots and even to new
ways to peer into the human mind.
Science News, June 16, 2007
- Constant sprouting of neurons attracts scientists, drugmakers.
- Inside the Mind of a Savant
Darold A. Treffert; Daniel D. Christensen
Scientific American, December 2005
Making Memories Stick
R. Douglas Fields
Scientific American, February 2005
- Building a Branier Mouse
Joe Z. Tsien
Scientific American, April 2000, pp. 62-68
- Genetic engineering experiments on mice have succeeded in
producing "smarter" mice. The effect is achieved by altering the
operation of synaptic NMDA receptors, implying the role that such
receptors play in memory formation.
- A. R. Luria - The Mind of a Mnemonist: A Little Book about a
Basic Books, 1968
- Classic case study of a man with an exceptionally
retentive memory. Luria studied the subject, identified only
as "S.", for 30 years. Many particulars of the remarkable
memory are described, along with the disadvantages, but
ultimately the explanation of the subject's ability remains
Copyright © 2002 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved